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Understanding Your Skin

Thursday, 10 May 2012  |  Beautifully Gorgeous

It's always wonderful to observe a baby's flawless skin. You don't see any lines, no indications that a blemish has been there and in reality, it is actually perfect. Your skin too was once like this however as we grow older fine line and wrinkles begin to appear. Eventually that flawless baby skin you once had has now gone.

To understand the causes of wrinkles, you must first know about the normal skin layers. Here are the layers that make up the human skin.

1. Epidermis
This is the outer layer of your skin. This protects the inner layers to from the harsh environmental onslaught we all experience on a daily basis. This seemingly tough outer skin is caused by the movement of keratinocytes, the cells of the epidermis, move from the bottom part to the top. As a result, a large dose of keratin is produced. But when these cells reach the top, they actually flake off. So if you see scaly types of skins, it means that something may be wrong with this process.

2. Dermis
This is the skin's second layer. This contains its structural elements, the connective tissue. There are actually many types of connective tissue. Each type has a different function. Some are the collagen. This gives the skin strength. The glycosaminoglycans are the proteins that give turgor to skin. The elastin fibers create the elasticity of your skin.
Between the dermis and epidermis you will find the dermal-epidermal junction. This is an important feature as it interlocks to form fingerlike projections which are called rete ridges. These will increase the area of the epidermis which is exposed to the blood vessels and need nutrients. The blood vessels in the dermis give out such nutrients to the epidermis through the rete ridges.

3. Subcutaneous tissue
This is the skin's bottom layer. And the subcutaneous tissue contains the fat cells. You know what these cells are for? They supply insulation to your body and they also make your skin full and plump.

Presenting the Wrinkles
How do wrinkles form and develop as people age? Through time, the epidermal cells will become thinner. As a result, you will also look thinner. The epidermal cells will also be less sticky. This means that that there are more chances for the moisture on your skin to be released than maintained, which causes dryness. The decrease in the epidermal cells is actually 10 percent per decade. And as people age, they divide slower. For this reason, the skin cannot repair itself as quickly as it used to.

In the dermal layer, less collagen is being produced. The elastin fibers also wear out. Such factors will cause the skin to sag and wrinkle. The rete ridges, meanwhile, will flatten out. This will cause the skin to become fragile. And so the nutrients that the epidermis requires will not be met accordingly.

As for the subcutaneous layer, the fat cells become thinner as you age. This results in more wrinkles and sagging.

Skin ageing is a  complex process that everybody will go through its part of growing older. The use of moisturisers and other skin care products used from an early age can help to slow down the skin ageing process. Taking care of your skin from a early age is critical. Wrinkles are all part of the ageing process and cannot be avoided,, over time our skin will go through many changes resulting in physical differences to our features as well.

The important thing is that you age gracefully so that people will perceive you as beautiful inside and out.